INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE (ICJ): This is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. The ICJ is known as the world court and has its headquarter in the Hagues, Netherlands. The IC) was set up in 1945 to replace the earlier world court established by the League of Nations in 1922. The IC) has fifteen judges of high integrity.
FUNCTIONS OF THE ICJ
- Settles international cases/disputes concerning member states at international level.
- Gives legal advise to the various organs of the UN on legal issues.
- It ensures that the decisions of the court are binding on member states.
- It determines the breach of violation of international laws.
- It also determines and recommends to the General Assembly the amount of compensation to be paid by countries that breach international treaties and obligation.
- It also helps to interpret international agreements and conventions to members of the UNO.