A. OCCUPATION AND PRODUCTS:
Factors like the nature of the land, the amount of rainfall, the kind of weather; the type of vegetation, the distribution of all kinds of natural resources amongst the various regions in Nigeria to a very large extent determine the occupation and products produced in an area.
It Is noteworthy that the occupation and the products being produced in the various regions are different after all.
However; the climatic conditions in the Western and Eastern parts of the country allow the production of root crops like yam, cassava and other crops like cocoa, palm trees, and timber: While that of the Northern region is very good for the production of Cereals as well as animal husbandry.
These cereal crops are rice, beans, guinea corn and onions. Also, the production of cattle, goats, sheep, fowls, etc. is on the high side.
In the same vein, the natural resources present in an area also determine to a large extent the occupation of people living around there. For example, it is likely that people living along the Riverbanks must be familiar with fishing, while the major occupation of those that have iron is blacksmithing; those that have timber engage themselves in wood carving while those whose region grows cotton are familiar with weaving.
Moreover, people living in and commercial centres find themselves buying and selling.
In addition, those that live the remote areas or villages are mainly hunters, farmers and so on.
B. MOVEMENT AND MEANS OF TRANSPORTATION
The geographical condition of a particular region or zone equally affects the movement and means of transportation of the people living there.
For instance, in the savannah region, the Hausa-Fulani and Kanuri people travel mainly on horses, donkeys, Carmel along land routes.
Also, on the Niger Delta coast, boats and canoes are the means of transportation along rivers and creeks.
Moreover, in the forest region where narrow paths are constructed, people trek along the pathways. This was before the advent of the white man and his transportation system.
C. AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRIES IN THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY:
Agriculture was (and is still) very indispensable in the Nigerian economy. Many indigenes were involved in the cultivation of plants, animal husbandry, as well as fishing, hunting, etc. and they provided a major source of income for the people.
Industries also provided income in Nigeria and were also essential in the economy. They provided weapons, tools, ornaments, utensils, wares, clothes, etc. for the people.
Most of these industries include food processing, clothing and metal works, salt production, pottery, soap-making, leatherwork, and construction.
Raw materials and natural resources (animal, vegetable, and mineral) were available for these industries e.g. clay used in pottery, animal hides, and skin for leatherwood from trees for carving, etc.