The man seen as the advocate of this doctrine is A.V. Dicey, a United Kingdom professor. Professor A.V. Dicey propounded this concept in 1885 with his book titled “Introduction to the Law of the Constitution In this book as published in 1885, the author, Professor A.V. Dicey based the concept of rule of law on three fundamental principles as explained below:
1. Principle of Equality before the Law:
This means that no individual person is above the law; both the rulers and the ruled are equal before the law, irrespective of their social status in society.
2. Principle of Impartiality:
This means that no individual person should be unduly or unlawfully punished or deprived of his rights or property except by the violation of the law of the land, which must be administered and established by a court of law after a normal trial in the ordinary court of law.
3. Principle of Fundamental Human Rights:
Fundamental human rights are inalienable rights of the individual person, and therefore should not be deprived of any individual by the government.