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- Provided for an executive president to be both the Head of Government and Head of State.
- The president, governors and legislature can only be removed from office through impeachment.
- Provided for the office of vice-president.
- Any aspiring president must attain the age of 35 and must be a Nigerian by birth.
- Introduced the principle of separation of powers and the principle of checks and balances.
- Provided for a bicameral legislature at the centre, which comprised the senate (upper house) and the House of Representatives (the lower house).
- Establishment of a new federal capital territory.
- Abolished the power of prime minister.
- Sanctioned the delimitation of Nigeria into 19 states.
- Established a judicial service commission.
- Provided for a public complaints commission, code of conduct Bureau and tribunal.