a) The Igala people were mainly farmers and traders. Thus, they cultivated such crops as corn, millet, yams and onions. Hence, they had fertile land.
b) The Niger-Benue was the commercial centre where people from the Hausa land, Yoruba and the Igbo land converged and traded.
c) They were also craftsmen who produced and exported iron and copper utensils.
d) The people also collected tribute from their vassal states such as Igbira and Idoma.