The coming of Islam and it’s effect on Borno and Hausa States

Generally, it was believed that the introduction of Islam in the Hausa land occurred in the 14th century.

Thus, there was evidence that Islam penetrated the area from the west and it was as a result of the Wangarawa trade merchants who arrived in Gobir, Katsina, and Kano in the 14th century.

However, it was Usman B. Muhammad Fodio who introduced Islam in the country. His name was cut short as Shehu Usman Danfodio.

Danfodio was a product of a reputed Fulani family and his father was a scholar as well as the Imam. Born in Morata in Gobir, Danfodio’s childhood was traced to Degel in Gobir where he grew up.

Thus, he followed his father’s footsteps in Qur’an and underwent several aspects of Muslim education under several scholars – Usman Biddura, Muhammad Sambo (his uncle). He later went to Agades where he was initiated by Alhaji Jubril B. Umar.

Shehu’s thinking was also influenced by peed to reform Muslims in the Central Sudan society. Usman started preaching in his hometown – Degel. His preaching was centered on the condemnable system by the leaders especially the Gobir king in 1774 AD.

Owing to the content of his teaching, his followers gave him constant harassment and persecution which made urn migrate to Gudu on February 21, 1804.


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