(1) Ethanol can be prepared by the hydrolysis of ethane.
C2H4(g) + H2SO4(aq) → C2H5HSO4(aq)
C2H6HSO4(aq) + H2O(L) → C2H6OH(aq) + H2SO4(aq)
(2) Preparation from fermentation of starch –
2(C6H10O6)n(s) + nH2O(L) → nC12H22O11(aq)
C12H22O11(aq) + H2O(L) → 2C6H12O6(aq)
C6H12O6(aq) → 2C2H6OH(aq) + 2CO2(g)
The ethanol obtained here is purified through distillation.