1. Governmental powers are shared between the federal and state governments.
  2. Its operation is backed up by a federal Constitution, which is usually written and rigid in nature.
  3. It is popularly known as a three-tier government.
  4. There is the supremacy of the constitution.
  5. It ensures equal representation of all groups.
  6. Federal government practices bicameral legislature.
  7. It observes the principles of separation of powers.
  8. It grants autonomy to the constituent units.
  9. It encourages grassroot participation in government.

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