- Sedimentary rocks possess layers or strata; hence they are referred to as stratified rocks.
- They have fossils and is coarse in texture.
- They are not resistant to erosion.
- A good number of sedimentary rocks are soft and can easily be broken down.
- They vary in colours from white as in limestone to black asin coal.
- They are non-crystalline in structure.
Examples of sedimentary rocks are:
limestone, sandstone, mudstone, calcite, coal, dolomite, shale, quartzite, gypsum etc.