Refers to the number of people involved in various occupations. In the case, many people work different sectors be it primary like agriculture or secondary like manufacturing industries or tertiary sector like commerce.
TYPES OF OCCUPATION
PRIMARY OCCUPATION: Refers to people engaged in farming, fishing, hunting, forestry and tapping.
SECONDARY OCCUPATION: Refers to people engaged in the areas of manufacturing, construction, mining, power, transportation and communication.
TERTIARY OCCUPATION: This refers to people engaged in all forms of trade, professionals and those in government sectors.
FACTORS INFLUENCING OCCUPATIONAL DISTRIBUTION
- The demand for labour
- Availability of cheap labour.
- Availability of raw materials.
- Availability of labour supply.
This is when the population of a country is smaller than the available resources and as such there is a low standard of living resulting from a shortage of labour force.
When the population of a country is greater than the average output per head of the population resulting to a fall in standard of living.
This is regarded as the desired or best population of a country. This is because with available resources coupled with the technical knowledge, the population would generate the highest output per person. It is when the population of a country is equal to the resources.