Professor A.V. Dicey in his book titled “Introduction to the law of the constitution 1885”  based this concept on three fundamental principles as explained below:

PRINCIPLE OF IMPARTIALITY: No individual should be unduly punished or deprived of his rights or property except by the violation of the law of the land that must be administered and established by the law court after a normal trial in the ordinary court of law. In this case, an accused is presumed innocent until lie has been found guilty by the court of law.

PRINCIPLE OF EQUALITY BEFORE THE LAW: No individual is above the law, both the rulers and the ruled are equal before the law, irrespective of the social status. The law that applies to the rulers should also be applied to the ruled.

PRINCIPLE OF FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS: Fundamental human rights are inalienable rights of the individual person, and therefore, should not be deprived of any individual by the government.

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