1. Interpretation of law to avoid ambiguity.
  2. Administers punishment to offenders of the law.
  3. Interprets the constitution.
  4. Adjudicates civil disputes between citizens, individuals, institutions and government.
  5. Checks the excesses of both the executive and legislature through its power of judicial review.
  6. Safe-guards the rights and liberties of citizens.

NOTE: The judiciary is said to be independent when it has the ability to interpret the laws freely and pass judgment impartially without fear or favour.

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